Recent Presentations and Lectures

Invited Talks on Scientific Research

“Surf, Sink or Swim: Understanding Environmentally Important Processes at Liquid Surfaces”, 2016 Tourtelotte Lecture, Kalamazoo College, Kalamazoo, MI, May 2016.

“Oil on Water: Calming the Seas but not the Science”, 2016 Tiekelmann Lectureship, Department of Chemistry, SUNY Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, April 2016.

“Mulling Over Emulsions: Molecular Assembly at Oil-Water Interfaces”, 2016 Edison Lectureship, Notre Dame University, Notre Dame, Indiana, February 2016.

“A Molecular Picture of Environmentally Important Processes at Water Surfaces”, Hue University of Sciences, Hue City, Vietnam, December 2015.

“Surf, Sink or Swim: Understanding Environmentally Important Processes at Water Surfaces”, 2015 Ott Lectureship, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI, October 2015.

“Going Nonlinear to Study Molecular Assemblly at Oil-Water Interfaces”, 2015 Ott Lectureship, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI, October 2015.

“Molecular Assembly at Oil Water Interfaces”, Frontiers in Chemistry, Weizmann Institute, Rehovot, Israel, May 2015.

“Methylglyoxal at the Air/Water Interface”. S. N. Wren and G.L. Richmond, 249th National ACS Meeting, Denver, CO, March 2015. Given by S. Wren.

“Molecular Characterization of Surfactant Adsorption at the Surface of Emulsion Particles”, J. Hensel and G. L. Richmond, 249th National ACS Meeting, Denver, CO, March 2015. Given by J. Hensel

“Spectroscopic Studies of the Nanoemulsion Surfaces”, J. Hensel and G.L. Richmond, Pittsburgh Spectroscopy Conference, New Orleans, LA, March 2015. Given by J. Hensel.

“Strengthening Research and Educational Partnerships with Scientists in Developing Countries: It’s Good for Everyone”, 248th National ACS Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Aug. 2014.

““Combining experiment and theory: Atmospheric Organics at the Air-Water Interface” , 248th National ACS Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Aug. 2014. (Given by Dr. Sumi Wren).

“Line ‘Em All Up: Macromolecular and Nanoparticle Assembly at Oil/Water Interfaces”, PittCon, Chicago, IL, March 2013.

“Molecular Insights into Surfactant, Nanoparticle, and Polymer Assembly at Planar and Spherical Oil/Water Interfaces”, 247th National ACS Meeting, Dallas, TX, March 2014.

“Assembly at Complex Interfaces”, 7th International Meeting of the Africa Materials Research Society, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, December 2013.

“Line ‘Em All Up: Macromolecular Assembly at Liquid Surfaces”, Plenary Lecture, Royal Australian Chemical Institute Physical Chemistry Conference, Hobart, Tasmania, December 2013.

“Macromolecular Assembly at Liquid Surfaces”, Symposium in Honor of Isiah Warner, 245th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA, April 2013.

“Line ‘Em All Up: Macromolecular Assembly at Liquid Surfaces”, Award Symposium, American Physical Society Meeting, Baltimore, MD, March 2013.

“Molecular Processes at the Water’s Edge”, Dreyfus Foundation Teacher-Scholar Symposium on Research Frontiers in the Chemical Sciences”, Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation, October 2012.

“Line “Em All Up: Surfactant, Polymer and Nanoparticle Adsorption at Liquid Surfaces”, European Molecular Liquids Group/Japanese Molecular Liquids Group Meeting, Eger, Hungary, September 2012.

“Doorman, Barrier or Temptress: What Role does a Water Surface Play in Gaseous Adsorption”, 243rd National ACS Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, August 2012.

“Molecular Processes Underlying the Structure and Assembly of Thin Films and Nanoparticles at Liquid Interfaces”, Department of Energy, Materials Research Division Investigator Meeting, Annapolis, MD, July 2012.

“Particle and Nanoparticle Assembly at Liquid Surfaces”, Korean Chemical Society Meeting, Seoul, Korea, April 2012.

“Nanoparticle Assembly at Oil/Water Interfaces”, Joint China-U.S. Workshop for Women Researchers in Chemistry”, Beijing, China, October 2011.

“Fundamental Studies of Materials Growth and Assembly at Fluid Interfaces”, South Africa Council for Scientific and Industrial Research /U.S. Dept of State & Joint Services S&T Workshop, Pretoria, South Africa, September 2011.

“Chilling Out: Understanding the Adsorption and Uptake of Atmospheric Gases At Cold Aqueous Surfaces”, 242nd ACS National Meeting, Denver, CO, August 2011.

“At the Water’s Edge”, 10th International Conference on the Structure of Surfaces (ICSOS), Hong Kong, August 2011.

“Oil-on-Water: Insights into the Fascinating Properties and Opportunities for Discovery at this Unique Interface”, IUPAC International Congress on Analytical Sciences, Kyoto, Japan, May 2011.

“Oil on Water: Calming the Seas but Not the Science”, Physical Chemistry Division Awards Symposium, 241st ACS National Meeting, Anaheim, CA, March 2011.

“Water at Hydrophobic Soft Surfaces: Molecular Structure, Bonding, Adsorption and Penetration”, 241st ACS National Meeting, Anaheim, CA, March 2011.

“Oil on Water: Calming the Seas but Not the Science”, Plenary Lecture, ICORS 2010, Boston, MA, August 2010.

 

Invited Talks on Education and Careers

Presentations for USAID-PEER Research Conference, Amman, Jordan, March 2016:
   “International Science Collaborations: Ingredients for Success”
“The Art of Effective Negotiation”

“Effective Negotiation Techniques for Graduate Students”, Notre Dame University, Notre Dame, Indiana, February 2016.

“Why I Love Being a Scientist”, Cambodian Science and Engineering Festival, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, March 2016.

“Global Scientific Engagement”, Presidential Plenary Address, AAAS Annual Meeting, Washington, DC. February 2016.

Presentations for Women in Tech Workshop for Scientists in the Lower Mekong Countries, Intel Vietnam Plant, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, January 2016. 
“The Importance of Women as Leaders in Science and Technology”
“Career Launch – Elements of a Successful Job Search”
“Introduction to Mentoring for Success: Best Practices”

Presentations for Elsevier Early Scholars Workshop for Tunisian Women Scientists, Tunis, Tunisia, November 2015:
“Career Launch and Acceleration”
“Effective Leadership and Networking Skills for Women Scientists and Engineers”
“Persuasive Scientific Presentations”
“Publishing your Research”
“Key Elements of Effective Negotiation”
“Mentoring for Success”
“Selling your Science: The Art of Effective Proposal Writing”
“The Unexpected Challenges, Opportunities and Rewards of a Career in Science”, American Center, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, December 2015.

“Persuasive Conversations and Scientific Presentations”, Danang University of Technology, Danang, Vietnam, December 2015.

“The Unexpected Challenges, Opportunities and Rewards of a Career in Science”, University of Education, Danang, Vietnam, December 2015.

“Science as a Career”, Hue Learning Resource Center, Hue City, Vietnam, December 2015.

“Importance of Women as Leaders in the Science and Engineering Enterprise”, Gender Equity Conference, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland, November 2015.

Presentations for COACh – The Research Council of Oman Workshops for Faculty and Students: Muscat, Sohar, Salalah and Nizwa Oman, October 4-14, 2015. (With Prof. Laura Greene, National Magnet Lab, Prof. Jean Stockard, Univ. of Oregon, Prof. Diane Souvaine, Tufts University and Prof. Hilary Godwin, UCLA)
“Selling your Science: The Art of Effective Proposal Writing”
“Publishing in Peer Reviewed Journals”

Presentations for Career Building Workshops for Women Scientists and Engineers: Pune, India (Sept. 1-3, 2015) and Guwhati, India (5-7, September 2015). (With Prof. Laura Greene, National Magnet Lab, and Prof. Pushpa Murthy, Michigan Tech)
“Career Launch and Acceleration”
“Leadership and Networking Skills”
“The Art of Effective Communication”
“Persuasive Scientific Presentations”
“Publishing your Research”
“Key Elements of Effective Negotiation”
“Mentoring for Success”
“Selling your Science: The Art of Effective Proposal Writing”

“Women Leading in Research and Innovation”, Gender Summit 6 Keynote Address, Seoul, Korea, August 2015. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yU-HypaXsWI

“Career Launch and Acceleration for Postdoctoral Associates”, 250th National ACS Meeting, Boston, MA, August 2015.

“Effective Negotiation in the Scientific Workplace”, USAID-NSF PEER Forum, Lima, Peru, March 2015.

“Exploring the Unknown with the REU Program at the University of Oregon,” 249th National ACS Meeting, Denver, CO, March 2015.

“Life as a Scientist”, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Laos”, Vientiane Laos, March 2015.

“The Exciting World of Science”, University of South-East Asia, American Corner, Siem Reap, Cambodia, March 2015.

“Life as a Scientist”, Institute of Technology, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, March 2015.

“Working to Advance the Science Enterprise through Partnerships between U.S. and Vietnam Scientists”, Hue City, Vietnam, January 2015.

“Persuasive Communication Techniques and Scientific Presentations”, for Vietnamese high school and university science students, American Center, U.S. Consulate General, Ho Chi Minh City, January 2015.

“Launching a Successful Career in Science”, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam, January 2015.

“Strengthening Bonds Between U.S. Scientists and those in Developing Countries”, Can Tho University, Can Tho, Vietnam, January 2015.

“Launching a Successful Career in Science”, Excellence Center, Danang University of Technology, Danang, Vietnam, January 2015.

“Pursuing S&T Careers to Help Address Pressing Social and Environmental Issues”, Microsoft Imagine Cup Mentoring Event, Bangkok, Thailand, January 2015.

“Life as a Scientist”, Chiang Mai University Satit Demonstration School, “Science Classroom Program, Chiang Mai, Thailand, January 2015.

“Science and Technology Developments Geared Toward Saving the Environment”, presentation for students at the American Corner, Mahasarakham, Thailand, January 2015

“The Art of Effective Negotiation”, Arab-U.S. Frontiers of Science Meeting, Muscat, Oman, December 2014.

Presentations for Career Building Workshops for Women Scientists and Engineers: Delhi, India (Sept. 1-5, 2014) and Bangalore India (Sept. 6-11, 2014).  (With Prof. Laura Greene, National Magnet Lab, and Prof. Pushpa Murthy, Michigan Tech)
   “Career Launch and Acceleration”
“Leadership and Networking Skills”
“The Art of Effective Communication”
“Persuasive Scientific Presentations”
“Publishing your Research”
“Key Elements of Effective Negotiation”
“Mentoring for Success”
“Selling your Science: The Art of Effective Proposal Writing”

“Career Launch and Acceleration for Postdoctoral Associates”, 248th National ACS Meeting, San Francisco, CA, August 2014.

“The Art of Effective Negotiation”, PEER Participants’ Conference 2014, Nelson Mandela African Institute of Science and Technology, Arusha, Tanzania, August 2014.

“Selling Your Science: The Art of Effective Proposal Writing” and “Publishing Research Results in Peer Reviewed Journals”, 4th Indonesian-American Kavli Frontiers of Science Symposium, Medan, Indonesia, June 2014.

“Quilting Together the Stories of Women Scientists in the Developing World.” South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD, April 2014.

“Selling Your Science: The Art of Effective Proposal Writing” and “Career Launch and Acceleration”, Ecole Normale Superieure, Marakech, Morocco, April 2014.

Effective Leadership Skills for Women” and “Selling Your Science: The Art of Effective Proposal Writing”, Faculte des Sciences, Rabat, Morocco April 2014.

“Selling Your Science: The Art of Effective Proposal Writing” and “Publishing Research Results in Peer Reviewed Journals”, Faculte des Sciences Ben M’Sik, Casablanca, Morocco, April 2014.

“Women as Leaders in the Scientific Enterprise”, 247th ACS National Meeting, Dallas, Texas, March 2014.

“COACh: Going Global to Help Scientists in the Developing World”, 247th ACS National Meeting Dallas, Texas, March 2014.

“Quilting Together the Stories of Women Scientists in the Developing World.” USAID, Washington DC, February 2014.

“Leadership Workshop for Women Scientists in India”, IIT Delhi, Delhi, India, January 2014.

Presentations for Career Building Workshops for Women Scientists and Engineers, Thailand Science Park, Pathum, Thailand, January 2014: (with Profs. S. Seraphin (Arizona) and L. Greene (Illinois))
“Effective Leadership Skills for Women Scientists”
“The Art of Effective Negotiation”
“Selling Your Science: The Art of Effective Proposal Writing”
“Publishing Research Results in Peer Reviewed Journals”
“The Power of Persuasion”

Presentations for Career Building Workshops for African Graduate Students given at the 7th International Africa Materials Research Society Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: (with Prof. Clare Muhoro, Towson), August 2013.
“Career Launch: Making the Most of Your Talents”
“Writing Successful Technical Proposals: Understanding the
Process”
“Publishing Your Research in Peer-Reviewed Journals: The
Basics of Writing a Good Manuscript”

“Leadership Skills for Women Scientists”, Hydrologic Events & Hazards Conference, Buenos Aires, Argentina, November 2013.

“The Art of Strategic Negotiation”, International Society of Environmental Mutagens, Iguassu Brazil, November 2013.

“COACh as a Model for Effective Mentoring Practices”, USAID-NSF PEER Science Participants’ Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, October 2013.

“Negotiation 101 for Graduate Students in Science”, Department of Chemistry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, November 2013.

“Selling Your Science: The Art of Effective Proposal Writing”, USAID-NSF PEER Science Participants’ Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, October 2013.

“Powerful Postdocs: Landing that First Academic Job”, 245th National ACS Meeting, Indianapolis, IN, Sept. 2013.

“Powerful Postdocs: The Nuts and Bolts of Effective Negotiation”, 245th National ACS Meeting, Indianapolis, IN, Sept. 2013.

Presentations for Career Building Workshops given at the Indonesia-American Kavli Frontiers of Science Symposium, Bali, Indonesia, June 2013: (with Prof. Laura Greene, Univ. of Illinois)
“Career Launch: Making the Most of Your Talents”
“Writing Successful Technical Proposals: Understanding the
Process”
“Publishing Your Research in Peer-Reviewed Journals: The
Basics of Writing a Good Manuscript”

Presentations for Career Building Workshops given at Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya, June 2013. (with Prof. Clare Murhoro, Towson University.
“Publishing in Peer Reviewed Journals”
“Career Launch and Acceleration”
“The Art of Effective Negotiation”
“Selling Your Science: The Art of Effective Proposal Writing”
“Persuasive Scientific Presentations”
“Empowering Women and Men to be Effective Leaders in
Science and Technology”

“Empowering Women to be Leaders in Higher Education”, University of Tokyo, June 2013.

“The Nuts and Bolts of Effective Negotiation”, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, May 2013.

“Quilting Together the Voices of Women Scientists in the Developing World”, Parsons Award Address, American Chemical Society Meeting, New Orleans, LA, April 2013.

“ Effective Leadership Skills for Women Scientists and Engineers”, Ecole Superieure Privee d”Ingeniereie et de Technologies (ESPRIT), Tunis, Tunisia, March 2013. (with Prof. Nora Berrah, Western Michigan University)

Presentations forCareer Building Workshops for FAculty and Students given at the University of Tunis and the Optical Society of Tunisia, March 2013.  (with Prof. Nora Berrah, W. Michigan Univ.)
“Publishing Research Results in Peer Reviewed Journals”
“Career Launch and Acceleration”
“Art of Effective Proposal Writing”
“Effective Leadership Skills for Women Scientists and
Engineers”
“Persuasive Scientific Presentations”

“Career Launch and Acceleration for Early Career Scientists and Engineers”, COACh-Universite Hassan II Mohammedia Partnership Workshop, Casablanca, Morocco, March 2013. (with Prof. Nadia Saoula)

“The Art of Effective Negotiation and Communication”, COACh-Universite Hassan II Mohammedia Partnership Workshop, Casablanca, Morocco, March 2013. (with Prof. Nora Berrah)

“Network Building for Scientific Advancement in the Sciences and Engineering: What we have Learned from COACh”, Research Partnership Workshop on Water, Energy and the Environment for Women Scientists from the U.S., Algeria and Tunisia”, Casablanca, Morocco, March 2013.

““COACh: Working to Increase the Number and Success of Women Scientists and Engineers Around the Globe”, Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique et Technique (CNRST), Rabat, Morocco, March 2013.

“Selling Your Science: The Art of Effective Proposal Writing”, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya, January 2013. (with Prof. Clare Muhoro)

“COACh: Working to Increase the Number and Success of Women Scientists and Engineers Around the Globe”, Women in Science Group, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya, January 2013.

“International COACh Programs for Research Collaborations, Education and Capacity Building in STEM Fields”, Jomo Kenyatta University and Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya, January 2013.

“Building Research Collaborations between Women Scientists in the U.S. and in Africa through COACh Programs”, Materials Research Society Meeting, Boston, MA, November 2012.

“Negotiation 101: For Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Associates in Biomedical Engineering Fields”, Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, October 2012.

“Launching Your Career: Tips and Tactics for Success”, ICRAF – World Agroforestry Centre, Yaounde, Cameroon, October 2013.

“Giving Persuasive Scientific Presentations”, ICRAF – World Agroforestry Centre, Yaounde, Cameroon, October 2013.

“COACh: Developing Partnerships for Water Research between Women Scientists and Engineers in the U.S. and Africa“, South Africa – United States Science and Technology Exchange Meeting, Cape Town, South Africa, September 2012.

“Effective Communication: The Art of Getting Your Message Across”, 243rd National ACS Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, August 2012.

“Launching your Career: Tips and Tactics for Success for Postdocs“, 243rd National ACS Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, August 2012.

“Effective Negotiation and Communication Skills for Women”, CeCAGe (Centro de Coordenacao dos Assuntos do Genero), Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique, July 2012.

“Women as Leaders in Science, Business and Communities”, CeCAGe (Centro de Coordenacao dos Assuntos do Genero), Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique, July 2012.

“COACh:   Empowering Women to be Leaders in Research Fields and Higher Education”, Association of Pacific Rim University, Session on Developing Women Leaders in Higher Education in Pacific Rim Universities, Eugene, OR, July 2012.

“Developing Bonds between Women Scientists in the U.S. and Korea”, Korean Chemical Society Meeting, Seoul, Korea, April 2012

“Women in Science Panel”, The National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), Science Center, Brasilia, Brazil, March 2012.

“The Nuts and Bolts of Effective Negotiation”, 242nd National American Chemical Society Meeting, San Diego, March 2012.

“Effective Communication: The Art of Getting Your Message Across”, 242nd National American Chemical Society Meeting, San Diego, March 2012.

“Networking for Women Scientists: Successes of the COACh Program”, Brazil-U.S. Joint Commission Meeting on Science and Technology, Brasilia, Brazil, March 2012.

“Gender Equity Data from Department Chairs of Top Research Universities”, ADVANCE Program, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, January 2012.

“Don’t Ask, Don’t Get: Negotiation Skills for Career Advancement”, ADVANCE Program, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, January 2012.

“Career Building: Making the Most of your Talents”, Women Graduate Students in Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, November 2011.

“Removing Gender Hurdles that Hinder the Pace and Success of Women Faculty in Higher Education”, Penn Forum for Women Faculty, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, November 2011.

“Women as Leaders in the Scientific Enterprise”, 42nd Annual Meeting of the Environmental Mutagen Society, Montreal, Canada, October 2011.

“Don’t Ask – Don’t Get: Women and Negotiation”, Women Scientists Group, Faculty of Sciences, University of Yaounde, Yaounde, Cameroon, October 2011.

“Women as Leaders in the Science”, Women Scientists Group, Faculty of Sciences, University of Yaounde, Yaounde, Cameroon, October 2011.

“COACh: Advancing the Careers of Women in Technical Fields”, South Africa Council for Scientific and Industrial Research /U.S. Dept of State & Joint Services S&T Workshop, Pretoria, South Africa, September 2011.

“Women in Science: Breaking Through the Plexiglass Ceiling”, Osher Living and Learning Institute, Eugene, OR, May 2011.

“Effective Communication and Powerful Scientific Presentations”, Women Graduate Students, Purdue University, Department of Chemistry, West Lafayette, IN, April 2011.

“Persuasive Conversations and Presentations”, Conference for Women Undergraduates in Physics in the Northwest, Portland, OR, April 2011.

“Women as Leaders in the Scientific Enterprise”, Campbell Lectureship, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK, March 2011.

“Making the Most of the Moment: The Art of Getting Your Message Across”, 241st ACS National Meeting, Anaheim, CA, March 2011.

” Potholes and Speed Bumps on the Road to Diversity in STEM Fields: COACh Efforts to Smooth the Ride”, ADVANCE Distinguished Lectureship, Skidmore/Union Colleges, Saratoga Springs, NY, March 2011.

“Making the Most of the Moment: The Art of Getting Your Message Across”, ADVANCE Distinguished Lectureship, Skidmore/Union Colleges, Saratoga Springs, NY, March 2011.

“Potholes and Speed Bumps on the Road to Diversity in STEM Fields: COACh Efforts to Smooth the Ride”, Women in Science and Technology Distinguished Lectureship, Georgia Institute of Technology, February 2011.

“Negotiation 101: What They Left Out of the Lab Manual”, Women Graduate Student Organization, Georgia Institute of Technology, February 2011.

“The Nuts and Bolts of Effective Negotiation”, Graduate Women in Science, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, January 2011.

“Effective Communication: The Art of Getting Your Message Across”, Graduate Women in Science, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, January 2011.

“Launching Your Career: Tips and Tactics”, Graduate Women in Science, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, January 2011.

“Career Advancement Tips & Techniques: What They Left out of the Lab Manual”, St. Louis Section of the ACS, Women Chemists Dinner, St. Louis, MO, November 2010.

“Don’t Ask – Don’t Get: Women and Negotiation”, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, November 2010.

“Diversity in Science and Engineering: Why is it so Important? Why is it so Difficult to Achieve?”, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, November 2010.

“Battling Biases and Barriers: Necessary Steps our Academic Institutions Must Take to Assure a Strong Science and Engineering Workforce”, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, November 2010.

“Assembling a Successful Scientific Career with a Full Tool-Box”, Best Practices Conference on Teaching and Learning, San Juan, Puerto Rico, October 2010.

“Empowering Women to be Leaders in Science and Engineering in the U.S.”, International Symposium for Gender Equal Participation and Female Researchers’ Empowerment, Tokyo City University, Tokyo, Japan, October 2010.

“Potholes and Speedbumps on the Road to Diversity: COACh Efforts to Smooth the Ride”, Heritage and Hope Conference on Women’s Education in a Global Context, Bryn Mawr College, September 2010.

“Professional Skills Training for Graduate Students: What They Left Out of the Lab Manual”, Department of Chemistry, Iowa State University, April 2010.

“Women: We’ve Come A Long Way Maybe?” Eugene City Club, Eugene, OR, February 2010.

“Diversity in Science and Engineering: Why is it so important? What can we do about it?” Department of Chemistry, Hope College, January 2010.

“Potholes and Speed Bumps on the Road to Diversity: COACh Efforts to Smooth the Ride”, National Science Foundation, Mathematical and Physical Science Division, Distinguished Lecture Series, Arlington, VA, January 2010.